Here you can check the frequently questions in the anonymous reporting channel of Alvinesa
What is discrimination based on sexual orientation, gender expression, and/or gender identity?
It will be considered as such any discriminatory, hostile, or degrading conduct directed at a person because they are lesbian, gay, transgender, bisexual, or intersex (LGBTI).
Some examples, not exhaustive, include:
· Preventing normal interaction and relationships with the rest of the team, especially with client and supplier companies, on the grounds that this person 'may make others uncomfortable with their presence.
· Creating obstacles or insidiously denying opportunities for job promotion.
· Making jokes with clear derogatory components towards the LGBTI community.
· Making homophobic, biphobic, or transphobic comments.
· Questioning the sexuality of the person addressed, as well as invasive questioning about it.
What is sexual harassment?
Sexual harassment is any behaviour, verbal or physical, of a sexual nature that has the purpose or produces the effect of undermining a person's dignity, particularly when it creates an intimidating, degrading, or offensive environment. Characteristic elements of sexual harassment include intentional acts of sexual harassment committed by any employee related to the victim due to work, and/or those committed by taking advantage of a position of superiority, which can be either environmental or transactional in nature.
Sexual harassment is distinguished from freely accepted and reciprocal approaches in that the actions constituting it are unwanted by the person who is the object of them.
Some examples include:
· Comments about clothing or physical appearance.
· Lewd looks and gestures.
· Sexual insinuations.
· Approaches or touches, which may appear to be unintentional.
· Explicit requests for sexual favours under coercion.
· Spreading rumours about a worker's sexual life.
· Any behaviour directed towards a person based on their gender or sexual orientation, with the purpose or effect of undermining their dignity and creating an intimidating, degrading, or offensive environment.
Gender-based harassment refers to any behaviour directed towards a person based on their gender, with the purpose or effect of undermining their dignity and creating an intimidating, degrading, or offensive environment. It is considered discriminatory behaviour based on gender.
Gender discrimination refers to treating a person or group of people in an inferior manner based on their gender. In any case, any directive to discriminate, either directly or indirectly, based on gender, is considered discriminatory.
Some examples include:
· Jokes and comments about individuals assuming tasks traditionally performed by the opposite gender.
· Excluding women and men from accessing job positions when such a requirement is not an essential professional characteristic.
· Disqualifications, insults, and the use of sexist humour.
· Assigning tasks or jobs below a person's professional capacity or competencies based on a reason that discriminates by gender.
· Treating women unfavourably in relation to pregnancy or motherhood.
· Any adverse treatment or negative effect that occurs as a result of a person making a complaint, claim, report, demand, or appeal of any kind.
Psychological harassment, also known as psychological violence, is defined as the exposure to intense and repeated acts of psychological aggression directed towards one or more individuals over an extended period. These acts are perpetrated by one or more individuals who exert their power, not necessarily in a hierarchical position, with the purpose or effect of creating an intimidating environment that disrupts the victim's work life.
Below are listed, by way of example and without exclusion or limitation, specific behaviours that, meeting the requirements, could potentially constitute psychological harassment in the workplace:
Behaviours constituting psychological harassment:
· Ignoring or excluding the person.
· Denial of speech and hindrance of direct communication.
· Public humiliation and ridicule.
· Yelling and insults directed at a worker.
· Mocking a worker's gestures and voice.
· The behaviours listed here do not form an exhaustive list (any other behaviour established by current regulations will be considered), nor are they meant to be exclusive or limiting. However, the ones included should not occur under any circumstances.